How To Install and Configure Nginx on Ubuntu 16.04

Krunal Shah
Krunal Shah

on April 08, 2019

How To Install and Configure Nginx on Ubuntu 16.04

Nignx is a free, open-source, high-performanec HTTP server that powers some of the largest sites around the globle. It is more refource friendly and can be used as a web server or a reverse proxy.

Prerequisites

Before you begin installation, you should have logged in as a non-root user with sudo privileges configured on your web server.

Step 1: Install Nginx

Nginx is avaliable in default repositories of Ubuntu distribution, so you can simply execute the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

Once the installation is completed, you can check the status of Ngix by typing:

sudo systemctl status nginx

Output of the above command should be like this:

● nginx.service - A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Sun 2018-01-05 15:44:04 UTC; 1min 59s ago
Main PID: 1291 (nginx)
CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
├─1291 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on
└─1293 nginx: worker process

Step 2: Adjust the Firewall

Before we can run Nginx on Port 80 and 443 we have to allow Nginx in ufw firewall.

You can enable 'Nginx Full' profile which includes all the necessary rules for both ports:

sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'

Step 3: Test the Installation

To verify the Nginx installation process completed sucessfully you can head over to your http://server_domain_or_IP

Nginx will show default page like below: Nginx Default Page

Step 4: Manage the Nginx service with systemctl

You can manage the Nginx services using sysetmd unit.

  • To stop your web server, type:
sudo systemctl stop nginx
  • To start the web server again, type:
sudo systemctl start nginx
  • To stop and start the service, type:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
  • Reload server after making configuration changes, type:
sudo systemctl reload nginx
  • To disable Nginx service to run at boot, type:
sudo systemctl disable nginx
  • To enable Nginx at boot, type:
sudo systemctl enable nginx

Conclusion

Congratulation, you have sucessfully installed and configured Nginx on your server. Now you can many options for serving the content and technologies you want.

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